Water and moisture that infiltrate facades, buildings, roads, tunnels and bridges every year causing massive maintenance costs.
Water infiltrates building structures in different ways and can trigger a variety of different processes that have a considerable influence on the functionality, the appearance and the durability of structures.
In nature even hard rocks can turn into sand. One prominent example is the formation of the Grand Canyon through erosion/surface abrasion in combination with the force of the water.
Therefore, it is crucial to understand the different mechanisms of water absorption and to control moisture effectively, thus preventing water induced damage.